FinCEN is considering allowing the use of IRS Form 2848 for FBAR form questions.
The first step in our representation of clients before the IRS is to get an IRS form 2848, which allows us to speak to the IRS on a client’s behalf. This works for almost everything, including OVDI representation. But did you know that when it comes to FBAR penalties, the office in question won’t accept form 2848? FinCEN (Financial Crimes Enforcement Network) does not recognize the validity of the standard IRS power of attorney form when dealing specifically with FBARs. This article will discuss the reasons why, and potential charge to the law which will streamline the FBAR representation for third parties, to the relief of taxpayers everywhere.
This odd thing, this FBAR form
The FBAR form is a strange character. It is not quite an IRS form, and it isn’t quite a US Treasury form. We’ve written before about the strange history of the FBAR, from Watergate to 9/11 and after.
Ultimately, because of the separation of duties within the US Department of the Treasury (both the IRS and FinCEN report to the US Secretary of the Treasury) the forms that work for the IRS in matters administered by the IRS are not enough for FinCEN.
In order to represent a taxpayer with regard to an FBAR form, or learn any information about its filing or follow-up, you need a “real” or general power of attorney. Not the Form 2848, IRS Power of Attorney form, but a power of attorney allowable as defined by state law. Here is a link to Connecticut’s statutory power of attorney, for example.
Why is this a big deal? The difference is that a regular IRS form 2848 does not need to be notarized. A “real” power of attorney, on the other hand, does. So this notary requirement is a big deal — especially for expatriate taxpayers with FBAR problems.
Fortunately, FinCEN is now considering allowing not just form 2848 to be used, but also authorized third party contact — thereby making the hassle mentioned above unnecessary.
Current Action: FinCEN is proposing to update the current TD F 90–22.1 report to standardize it with other BSA electronically filed reports and add the capability for a third party preparer to file the report should the owner of the foreign account wish to employ this option. To standardize the FBAR with other BSA reports, FinCEN proposes to add an item to record taxpayer identification number (‘‘TIN’’) Type to Part I, item 3a; Part I, item 4; Part III, item 25a; Part IV, item 35a; and V, item 35a. The addition of a check box to indicate that the amount is unknown is added to Parts II, III, IV, and V in item 15a. FinCEN also proposes to add a new item ‘‘Suffix’’ to Part I, item 8a; Part III, item 28a; and Part IV, item 37a. This update includes a revised signature section. It adds item 44a, a check box with the instruction ‘‘Check here [box for checking] if this report is completed by a 3rd party preparer and complete item 46 and the third party preparer section.’’ 3 A new section, ‘‘3rd Party Preparer Use Only,’’ is added to the report to support this method of filing.
If you agree that it should be easier for others to speak with the Treasury Department about your FBAR issues, send and email to firstname.lastname@example.org with the caption in the body of the text, ‘‘Attention: PRA Comments— Update to the FBAR report” and tell them that you want the process simplified. We definitely hope you do.